There are 4 parenting styles


Authoritarian parenting demands a lot in a very controlling way from children however give little in return emotionally. Parents with an authoritarian style have very high expectations of their children, however criticise, condemn and find it impossible to listen, hear the other side of the story or allow children to voice opinions. Mistakes tend to be punished harshly leaving children afraid to tell the truth and often fearful of parents.


Authoritative parents operate from a place of respect, they can allow children have a voice and listen to what is said. They encourage children to think for themselves and name their needs; however they recognise unmet needs and are quick to meet them where possible. They support children to become independent and think through issues with them, rather than forcing ideas on them. Children feel safe to come to them with problems and parents talk with them as opposed to talking at them. Children engage and cooperate as they feel parents are doing the same, so there are fewer behavioural issues and no double standards:


Permissive parenting is a type of parenting style characterized by low demands with high responsiveness. Permissive parents tend to be very loving, yet provide few guidelines and rules, basically no clear boundaries. These parents do not expect mature behaviour from their children and often seem more like a friend than a parental Power struggles are a key issue in these relationships.


Uninvolved parenting — also called neglectful parenting, which obviously carries more negative connotations — is a style of parenting where parents don’t respond to their child’s needs or desires beyond the basics of food, clothing, and shelter. Many times these parents cannot emotionally connect to children and this can result in abusive parenting.